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  • 英美怡春院分院pdf

    分类:其他老司机在线观看 时间:2017-07-27 本文已影响

    篇一:英美怡春院分院复习资料

    LITERTURE KNOWLEDGE

    1. Margaret Munnerlyn Mitchell (November 8, 1900 – August 16, 1949) was an American author and journalist. One novel by Mitchell was published during her lifetime, the American Civil War-era novel, Gone with the Wind. For it she won the National Book Award for Most Distinguished Novel of 1936 and the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1937. In more recent years, a collection of Mitchell's girlhood writings and a novella (short novel) she wrote as a teenager, Lost Laysen, have been published. A collection of articles written by Mitchell for The Atlanta Journal was republished in book form.

    2. Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield (22 September 1694 – 24 March 1773) was a British statesman and man of letters.

    He was born in London and was known as Lord Stanhope until his father's d 2000 eath in 1726. After being educated at Trinity Hall, Cambridge, he went on the Grand Tour of the continent. The death of Anne and the accession of George I opened up a career for him and brought him back to England. His relative James Stanhope, the king's favourite minister, procured for him the place of gentleman of the bedchamber to the Prince of Wales. He was a Whig. His famous work is Letters to His Son.

    3. Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3rd Earl Russell, (18 May 1872 – 2 February 1970) was a British philosopher, logician, mathematician, historian, and social critic. At various points in his life he considered himself a liberal, a socialist, and a pacifist, but he also admitted that he had never been any of these in any profound sense. He was born in Monmouthshire, into one of the most prominent aristocratic families in Britain.

    4. Adeline Virginia Woolf (1882-1941) was an English writer, regarded as one of the foremost modernist literary figures of the twentieth century. Virginia Woolf was the daughter of the well-known English essayist, critic and biographer Sir Leslie Stephen. She was born in London in 1882 and was educated at home from the resources of her father’s huge library. She possessed a natural talent for writing. In 1912 she married Leonard Woolf, a journalist, essayist, and political thinker, with whom she set up the Hogarth Press in 1917, which published a number of Virginia’s own novels as well as some of T.S. Eliot’s poems and Katherine Mansfield’s short stories. In March 1941, she drowned herself in a river, an act influenced by her dread of WWⅡ (she and Leonard would have been arrested by the Gestapo had the Nazis invaded England) and her fear that she was about to lose her mind and become a burden on her husband. EARLY WORKS

    The Voyage Out, 1915 《出海》

    Night and Day, 1919 《日夜》

    LATER WORKS

    Jacob’s Room, 1922 《雅各的房间》

    Mrs. Dalloway, 1925《黛洛维夫人》

    To the Lighthouse, 1927 《到灯塔去》

    Orlando, 1928 《奥尔兰多》

    The Waves, 1931 《海浪》

    The Years, 1937《年月》

    Between the Acts, 1941 《幕与幕之间》

    COLLECTIONS OF ESSAYS

    A Room of One’s Own , 1929 《一间自己的房间》

    Moments of Being, 1941, 《存在的瞬间》

    LITERARY COMMENTARIES

    The Common Reader, 1925

    The Second Common Reader, 1932

    5. Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792-1822), was born into a wealth family at Sussex, his father was a conservative man of the landed gentry, and his mother was a beautiful woman. He was a quiet and thoughtful boy, though gentle by nature.

    The 19-year-old Shelley went to London where he met Harrit Westbrook. He eloped with her to Edinburgh and married her. Back in London, Shelley became a disciple of the radical social philosopher, William Godwin. In 1814, Shelley fell in love with Godwin's daughter, Mary Godwin. In 1816, Harriet's drowning freed him to legalize his union with Mary. During the remaining four years of his life, Shelley traveled and lived in various Italian cities, producing all his major works, scores of magnificent lyrics, and the major prose essay, A Defence of Poetry. Shelley was drowned in 1822 in a storm near La Spezia, at the age of 30.

    6. William Godwin (3 March 1756 – 7 April 1836) was an English journalist, political philosopher and novelist. He is considered one of the first exponents of utilitarianism, and the first modern proponent of anarchism. Godwin is most famous for two books that he published within the space of a year: An Enquiry Concerning Political Justice, an attack on political institutions, and Things as They Are; or, The Adventures of Caleb Williams, which attacks aristocratic privilege, but also is the first mystery novel. Based on the success of both, Godwin featured prominently in the radical circles of London in the 1790s. In the ensuing conservative reaction to British radicalism, Godwin was attacked, in part because of his marriage to the pioneering feminist writer Mary Wollstonecraft in 1797 and his candid biography of her after her death; their daughter, Mary Godwin (later Mary Shelley) would go on to write Frankenstein and marry the poet Percy Bysshe Shelley.

    7. William Somerset Maugham, novelist, playwright, short-story writer, highest paid author in the world in the 1930s.

    LONG NOVELS:

    Liza of Lambeth

    Of Human Bondage

    The Moon and Sixpence

    The Painted Veil

    The Razor’s Edge

    SHORT NOVELS:

    September's Bird

    Orientations

    8. Charles Dickens

    《博兹札记》( Sketches by Boz ) —— 1836年

    《匹克威克外传》( The Pickwick Papers ) —— 1836年

    《雾都孤儿》( Oliver Twist ) —— 1837年-1839年

    《尼古拉斯·尼克贝》( Nicholas Nickleby )—— 1838年-1839年

    《老古玩店》( The Old Curiocity Shop )—— 1840年-1841年

    《巴纳比·拉奇》( Barnaby Rudge )—— 1841年

    《美国纪行》( American Notes )—— 1842年

    《圣诞颂歌》( A Christmas Carol )—— 1843年

    《马丁·翟述伟》( Martin Chuzzlewit )—— 1843年-1844年

    《董贝父子》( Dombey and Son )—— 1846年-1848年

    《大卫·科波菲尔》( David Copperfield )—— 1849年-1850年

    《写给孩子看的英国历史》( A Child's History of England )——1851年-1853年 《荒凉山庄》( Bleak House )—— 1852年-1853年

    《艰难时世》( Hard Times )—— 1854年

    《小杜丽》( Little Dorrit )—— 1855年-1857年

    《 双城记 》( A Tale of Two Cities )—— 1859年

    《远大前程》( Great Expectations )—— 1860年-1861年

    《我们共同的朋友》( Our Mutual Friend )—— 1864年-1865年

    《艾德温·德鲁德之谜》( The Mystery of Edwin Drood )—— 未完成,1870年

    9. William Wordsworth became the Poet Laureate in 1842.

    Descriptive Sketches, an Evening Walk (1793): his first volume written in the 18th century feeling for natural description

    Lyrical Ballads (1798): the manifesto of English Romanticism

    The Prelude (1805): posthumously in 1850; his greatest work

    Poems in Two Volumes (1807): contains ―Ode: Intimations of Immortality‖, the autobiographical narrative ―Resolution and Independence‖

    The Excursion (1814)

    VOCABULARY

    1. being

    1) the most important quality or nature of something, especially of a person the core/roots/whole of sb's being

    The whole of her being had been taken over by a desire to return to her homeland.

    2) come into being/be brought into being

    to start to exist

    a law that first came into being in 1912

    3) a living thing, especially a person

    a human being

    2. walk [C] (AmE) a SIDEWALK or path

    3. counsel v.

    1) formal to advise someone

    counsel sb to do sth

    She counselled them not to accept this settlement.

    2) to listen and give support to someone with problems

    a new unit to counsel alcoholics

    4. pine v.

    1) to become sad and not continue your life as normal because someone has died or gone away

    Six months after he left, she was still pining.

    2) pine away

    to become less active, weaker and often ill, especially beca 2000 use you miss someone who has died or gone away

    3) pine for

    if you pine for a place or for something, you miss it a lot and wish you could be there or have it again

    After two months in France I was pining for home.

    if you pine for someone, you feel very unhappy because they are not with you Karen had been pining for her friends back home in Colorado.

    5. for its own sake/sth for sth's sake

    if something is done for its own sake, it is done for the value of the experience itself, not for any advantage it will bring

    art for art's sake

    6. faculty n.

    1) a department or group of related departments within a university

    faculty of

    the Faculty of Law

    the Engineering Faculty

    2) all the teachers in a university

    Both faculty and students oppose the measures.

    3) a natural ability, such as the ability to see, hear, or think clearly

    an assessment of the patient's mental faculties

    the faculty of sight

    4) a particular skill that someone has

    faculty for

    She had a great faculty for absorbing information.

    7. trance n,

    1) a state in which you behave as if you were asleep but are still able to hear and understand what is said to you

    go/fall into a trance

    She went into a deep hypnotic trance.

    2) a state in which you are thinking about something so much that you do not notice what is happening around you

    in a trance

    What's the matter with you? You've been in a trance all day.

    8. make amends (to sb/for sth)

    to do something to show you are sorry for hurting or upsetting someone, especially something that makes it better for them

    He seized the chance to make amends for his behavior.

    9. con·tra·dic·tion /?k?ntr??d?k??n US ?kɑ?n-/ n

    a difference between two statements, beliefs, or ideas about something that means they cannot both be true

    apparent contradictions in the defendant's testimony

    10. draw v.

    to move sth/sb by pulling it or them gently

    He drew the cork out of the bottle.

    I tried to draw him aside (for example where I could talk to him privately). (figurative) My eyes were drawn to the man in the corner.

    11. draw back

    to move backwards, especially because you are frightened or surprised

    Suddenly, she drew back, startled.

    draw back in horror/shock/fear etc

    She peeped into the box and drew back in horror.

    12. run through sth

    to repeat something in order to practise it or make sure it is correct

    Let's run through the first scene again.

    run through sth

    to read, look at, or explain something quickly

    Briefly, she ran through details of the morning's events.

    run through sth

    if a quality, feature etc runs through something, it is present in all of that thing This theme runs through the whole book.

    13. pulse n.

    the regular beat that can be felt, for example at your wrist, as your heart pumps blood around your body

    The doctor listened to his breathing and checked his pulse .

    His breathing was shallow and his pulse was weak .

    篇二:[英语怡春院分院]-火与冰

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    Fire and Ice

    Some say the world will end in fire,

    Some say in ice.

    From what I've tasted of desire,

    I hold with those who favor [1] fire.

    But if it had to perish [2] twice,

    I think I know enough of hate

    To know that for destruction ice

    Is also great

    and would suffice

    洛基国际英语

    竭诚为您服务

    抢注网址: /wenkxd.htm

    火与冰 有人说世界将结束于熊熊烈焰, 有人则说结束于凛凛寒冰。 欲望如火,体会其烈, 则知世之归于火为我所愿。 但若其必两度遭逢毁灭, 我知恨之极至, 必然明了,毁灭之冰, 同样魁伟, 同样顺人心意。

    “成千上万人疯狂下载。。。。。。

    更多价值连城的绝密英语学习资料,

    洛基内部秘密英语,技巧,策略

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    篇三:(欣赏)英语怡春院分院的力量与美

    大 学

    2014-15学年第一学期

    《英语怡春院分院阅读与赏析》期末考查

    论文题目:

    姓名:____________________

    学号:____________________

    班级:____________________

    分数:____________________

    Not like other literary gees, essay has been defined in a variety of ways. One definition is a "prose composition with a focused subject of discussion" or a "long, systematic discourse". Various definitions suggest the diversity and richness of essay. And these characteristics contribute to essay’s beauty and power. Nowadays, in some countries (e.g., the United States and Canada), essays have become a major part of formal education.

    However, whenever we talk about the power and beauty of English essay, we can never miss the work of those three great and well-known essayists Michel de Montaigne, Francis Bacon and Hey David Thoreau.

    Michel de Montaigne was the first author to describe his work as essays, known for popularizing the essay as a literary gee. His fame rests on his massive volume Essays, which contains, to this day, some of the most influential essays ever written.

    He writes about his disgust with the religious conflicts of his time. He belie

    英美怡春院分院pdf

    ved that humans are not able to attain true certainty. The longest of his essays, Apology for Raymond Sebond, contains his famous motto, "What do I know?"

    In education, he favored concrete examples and experience over the teaching of abstract knowledge that has to be accepted uncritically. His essay On the Education of Children is dedicated to Diana of Foix.

    Taking his essay Love of Life as an example, in this essay, he says that“However, I would not regret to say goodbye to my life not because of its hardships and distress but its essence lies in death for those who are happy to live can really feel dead of distress .”This shows his detached and positive attitude towards life, which inspired countless people.

    Generally, Montaigne’s essay is easy to read. There is no obscure and elusive vocabularies, no aggressive tone, no demanding euphuism. When thinking about his essay, we may even find it is normal. But can we look down upon it? Just as Montaigne says “the most wonderful life is corr 2000 espond to normal people’s life, no miracle, no breaking rules and just being in order.”

    In a word, Montaigne’s essay is of great significance in promoting the popularity in the world. For instance, Francis Bacon's Essays, published over a decade later, in 1596, are usually assumed to be directly influenced by Montaigne's collection, and Montaigne is cited by Bacon alongside other classical sources in later essays. Except Bacon, even Shakespeare and Ralph Waldo Emerson had been influenced, more or less, by Montaigne.

    When I talk about Francis Bacon, an image of philosopher or statesman may first come into you mind. That is quite regular, because

    most of us are just familiar with his these statues. But we can not ignore his another important role essayist.

    Though Bacon considered his volume the Essays "but as recreation of my other studies", he was given high praise by his contemporaries, even to the point of crediting him with having invented the essay form. As just has said, Bacon’s essays have some connection with Montaigne and other essayist before him, but the Essays have nevertheless remained in the highest repute. The 19th century literary historian Hey Hallam wrote that "Bacon’s essays are deeper and more discriminating than any earlier, or almost any later, work in the English language".

    Bacon’s most famous essays must be the series of articles Of Beauty, Of Truth, Of Death, Of Unity in Religions etc. For example, in Of Boldness he wrote, "If the Hill will not come to Mahomet, Mahomet will go to the hill", which is the earliest known appearance of that proverb in print. And the phrase "hostages to fortune" appears in the essay Of Marriage and Single Life – again the earliest known usage. Besides, the 1999 edition of The Oxford Dictionary of Quotations includes no fewer than 91 quotations from Bacon’s volume the Essays.

    As Bacon’s Essays are written in a wide range of styles, from the plain and unadorned to the epigrammatic. They cover topics drawn from both public and private life, and in each case the essays cover their topics systematically from a number of different angles, weighing one

    argument against another. So, it is difficult to conclude his essay’s characteristics.

    In my views, the features of his essays include beauty, powerfulness, clarification, concision and compactness. His style is elegant but can be never simple. In effect, it is actually a quite deliberate affair that realize its air of easy and clarification more through its balanced cadences, natural metaphors. What’s more, just as Bacon’s style and living habits were prone to extravagance and never particularly austere, so in his writing he was never able to resist the occasional grand word, magnificent phrases or astound effect.

    Thus, even though he has created nothing else he would still rate among the first rank of English literature’s great men of letters.

    Hey David Thoreau exerted a profound, enduring influence on American thought and letters. His famous experiment in living close to nature, and his equally famous night in jail to protest an inhuman institution and an unjust war, are distilled in his best known essay works, Walden and Civil Disobedience. Here, I prefer to talk about his most well-known work Walden and Civil Disobedience.

    There has gradually come into a convention that my father will present me a book on my birthday since I went to primary school. I can still freshly recall that my father give Walden to me at my 15 years old birthday party. He said that “hey, boy, you are going to attend high

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